Ultrasonography department – genetic ultrasound, gynaecological ultrasound, 3D/4D ultrasonography
We offer a broad range of 3D and 4D ultrasound scans performed on VOLUSON 730 EXPERT. It's currently one of the fastest and most accurate medical sonographic instruments in the world. It allows us to scan 4D images with a frame rate of up to 40 shots per second, therefore providing very detailed 3D imaging in real time.This ultrasonographic instrument is mainly used for scans called prenatal genetic screening. It is also used for routine pregnancy ultrasound screenings and gynaecological scans.
Another state of the art ultrasonograph in our cente is the Logiq P5 - it works in a 2D system and allows for excellent gynaecological diagnostics, obstetric screening and other ultrasounds::
- breast ultrasound
- thyroid ultrasound
- salivary glands ultrasound
- abdominal cavity ultrasound
- colour flow Doppler echocardiography of leg veins and carotid arteries
- testicular ultrasound
For your convenience, the ultrasound procedure can be observed on additional wall-mounted colour TV screens.
- Genetic ultrasound of the fetus 1st trimester of pregnancy (11th - 14th week)
- Genetic ultrasound of the fetus 2nd trimester of pregnancy (18th - 22nd week)
- Genetic ultrasound of the fetus 3rd trimester of pregnancy (28th - 32nd week)
Apart from prenatal genetic ultrasound scans, routine pregnancy ultrasound screenings around 6th, 25th, 35th and 38th weeks of pregnancy are performed by other gynaecologists – obstetricians in our team.
Genetic ultrasound of the fetus in the 1st trimester of pregnancy
Genetic ultrasound of the fetus in the 1st trimester of pregnancy should take place between the 11th and 13th (+6 days) week of pregnancy. We recommend that the scan takes place in the 12th (0 days) week of pregnancy. Your lead gynaecologist will help you to establish the best date of the scan for your baby during the first medical appointements at the beginning of your pregnancy.
he baby needs to be 45 to 84 mm long, otherwise the risk of genetic diseases can not be estimated.The test assesses nuchal translucency (NT), presence of the nasal bone and blood flow through right atrioventricular valve in the heart and ductus venosus.
The baby's early anatomy – the outline of the head, chest and stomach and its limbs are also assesed.Next, with the use of a computer programme, the risk of genetic diseases is calculated. If necessary, additional tests are recommended. If the calculated risk is low, the baby is, in all probability, healthy and the test is followed by a similar one in the 2nd trimester of pregnancy.
The first prenatal genetic scan is usually done with a transvaginal transducer (TV) – 2D and/or transabdominal transducer working in a 3D/4D system.
Genetic ultrasound of the fetus in the 2nd trimester of pregnancy (18th - 22nd week)
Genetic ultrasound of the fetus in the 2nd trimester of pregnancy (18th - 22nd week) is the second ultrasound, in which the baby's anatomy is carefully assessed. The nasal bones and nuchal translucency are measured. The development of the baby's brain, skull bones and face are observed; its heartbeat and heart structure are analysed in detail and its stomach, kidneys, spine, arms and legs are assessed. The structure of the umbilical cord, placenta and the amount of aminotic fluid are checked. The weight of the baby is assessed. If the baby is willing to cooperate (e.i. doesn't turn its back on us) it is possible to have a peek at it and watch its face and how it behaves using the 4D technology. In this case we can take charming photographs of your baby with 3D technology. Sections of the ultrasound procedure in 4D technology are recorded onto a DVD disc. Each ultrasound scan is accompanied by a full paper copy of the test results.
Genetic ultrasound of the fetus in the 3rd trimester of pregnancy (28th - 32nd week)
Genetic ultrasound of the fetus in the 3rd trimester of pregnancy (28th - 32nd week) is the last ultrasound of the pregnancy. This time we focus on the well-being of the baby in the womb. The blood flow in the umbilical artery, the middle cerebral artery and the heart are assessed. The amount of the aminotic fluid and the grade of placental maturity are estimated. The baby's internal organs are checked again. Measurements to estimate the baby's weight are made. And we try to have a peek at it again in 4D, provided the baby lets us!
he following ultrasounds in the 3rd trimester of pregnancy until delivery will be routine ultrasound screenings assessing the baby's well-being, its growth, the amount of amniotic fluid, the placental structure and location. Your lead gynaecologist will inform you about the dates of those scans.
Other ultrasound scans:
Gynaecological ultrasound- the scan is done by all our gynaecologists, mainly with the use of transvaginal transducer (TV) in 2D system. The scan is done on an empty bladder. In particular cases (e.g. in virgins)a transabdominal transducer can be used. The scan focuses on evaluating the organs of the lesser pelvis, such as the uterus, uterine appendages, urinary bladder.
Breast ultrasound- is a painless screening done before the 10th day of the menstrual cycle (from the first day of menstruation). It is recommended to have a breast scan once a year.
Ultrasound ovulation monitoring- this ultrasound is done with a transvaginal transducer and is mainly aimed at those women, who are trying to have a baby. It is usually done after the 10th day of the menstrual cycle and repeated every 3-4 days in order to detect ovulation and decide on a further course of action: sexual intercourse or artificial insemination. The scan can also be done in other cases, when ovulation monitoring and assessment are required.
Thyroid ultrasound- is used for the assessment of the thyroid gland (the thyroid), especially when your blood tests suggest one of the thyroid disorders: Hypothyroidism (underproduction of the thyroid hormones) or Hyperthyroidism (overreactive thyroid).
Abdominal cavity ultrasound- is a very important ultrasound screening and should be done once a year. It focuses on the assessment of the abdominal organs, such as: liver, gallbladder, kidneys, spleen, pancreas, urinary bladder, intestines, main vessels and other parts. The ultrasound is done with a transabdominal transducer and the patient needs to have a full bladder, follow a special diet prior to the scan - often taking a medicine, such as Espumisan, in order to reduce the amount of gases inside the intestines is required to ensure a clearer scan. (Please ask your leading doctor for details).
Doppler echocardiography of leg veins- is used for the assessment of blood flow in leg veins and the functioning of vein valves, so an immediate preventive care or relevant treatment could be applied if any abnormalities (such as blood clots or vein valve malfunctions) are detected. Abnormalities within leg blood vessels can lead to a major health risk or even be fatal in their consequences. The scan is recommended for all female patients, who use hormonal contraception on a regular basis for a prolonged time. The scan is totally painless, but because it is time-consuming, it takes around 1 hour.